The Comptroller General, head of the U. S.
General Accountability Office (GAO), and the U. S. Court of Federal Claims (COFC)
are the primary organizations that hear bid protests on federal procurement
contract awards. Each has different rules and each has different standards
it applies to a protest. These rules are on the internet and found at
the links below:
provides statistics for the Comptroller General's bid protest cases from
1997 to the present. You can find them at the link below:
Are all protest decisions included on these
No. The Comptroller General decisions were
added beginning in 1999. The Court of Federal Claims decisions a
few years later. A few years after that, appeals from the Court of
Appeals For The Federal Circuit were added.
believes that about 85 to 90 percent of the protest decisions from these
periods appear in some way on these pages.
How are excerpts from
decisions added to the pages?
The goal of the excerpt pages is to provide
educational information according to the areas of the Federal
Acquisition Regulation, the Comptroller General's bid protest
regulations, and Office of Management and Budget Circular No. A-76.
Excerpts from decisions are selected on a judgment basis. If
does not believe that any part of a protest provides new or educational
information, it will not add any excerpts to the excerpt section but
will attempt to add the name of the decision to the alphabetical listing
The excerpts are converted to .html from .html,
.pdf, .word. etc. The original text in the cases includes editing
codes which are usually removed during the conversion process.
Some removal of the original text is done manually. It is a goal
to remove footnote numbers from the excerpts. However, they are
not all removed. You may see an odd number just sitting there in
the text of an excerpt. In short, the conversion process can lead
to mistakes in the test. If there is any confusion, please refer
to the linked case.
Do these pages reflect
who won or who lost a protest decision?
No. Bid protest decisions may include more
than one protest issue within the overall decision. For example, a
published decision may discuss 4 separate protest issues. Two of
the protest issues may be decided in favor of the government and 2 may
be decided in favor of the protester.
may pick all 4 of the protest issues for addition to the excerpt section
of these pages or only 1. If one of the 4 protest issues is
selected for addition to the excerpt section, that one protest issue
will be listed as to whether it was decided in favor of the government
or the protester.